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Natural Sciences Department

The department comprises the Geology Section, the Zoology Section, and the Botany Section. The rich collections of the department contain living organisms and non-living matter found in Bosnia and Herzegovina and other countries. Today they total two million samples and specimens, mostly collected in the field, or, sometimes, obtained through exchange, received as donations or purchased.

Some of the material is stored in the scientific collections of the relevant sections, while some is displayed in permanent exhibitions in the Natural Sciences Pavilion.

The following exhibitions are at display:

The Natural Sciences Department was assigned its own pavilion in 1913, after the four pavilions were erected. The Botanic Garden and its live collections, located in the central part of the museum grounds between the pavillions, was founded that same year.

Odjeljenje za prirodne nauke, zoologija, ribe, ajkula, morski pas, velika bijela psina

Great white shark – Carcharodon carcharias Linnaeus

Sharks (Selachii) are fish with a cartilaginous skeleton, gill slits, and triangular teeth arranged in several rows. They emerged about 400 million years ago and are among the oldest extant vertebrates. They are carnivores and good swimmers, and can measure over 5 metres in length.

Odjeljenje za prirodne nauke, zoologija, sisari, kitovi, skelet, ulješura

Northern bottlenose whale – Hyperoodon ampullatus Forster

Whales (Cetacea) are a group encompassing approximately 80 species of extraordinarily large mammals adapted to life in water. Whales are considered to be extremely long-lived animals – some species live over 200 years.

Mediterranean monk seal – Monachus monachus Hermann

True seals (Phocidae) are one of the three families of seals, or pinnipeds. Most members of this family live in the Arctic and Antarctic Oceans, and are among the most endangered species on the planet.

Odjeljenje za prirodne nauke, zoologija, ornitologija, ptice, bradan, kostoberina, endem

Bearded vulture – Gypaetus barbatus Linnaeus

Vultures are a distinct group of birds of prey which feed on carcasses.

Odjeljenje za prirodne nauke, zoologija, životinje, vodozemci, čovječija ribica

Olm – Proteus anguinus Laurenti

The olm (Proteus anguinus) is an endemic amphibian (Amphibia) inhabiting groundwaters and caves of Italy, Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Montenegro. It has recently been recorded in caves in Germany and France, where it was artificially introduced.