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Natural Sciences Department

The department comprises the Geology Section, the Zoology Section, and the Botany Section. The rich collections of the department contain living organisms and non-living matter found in Bosnia and Herzegovina and other countries. Today they total two million samples and specimens, mostly collected in the field, or, sometimes, obtained through exchange, received as donations or purchased.

Some of the material is stored in the scientific collections of the relevant sections, while some is displayed in permanent exhibitions in the Natural Sciences Pavilion.

The following exhibitions are at display:

The Natural Sciences Department was assigned its own pavilion in 1913, after the four pavilions were erected. The Botanic Garden and its live collections, located in the central part of the museum grounds between the pavillions, was founded that same year.

Department of Natural History, zoology, Zoogeographical Exhibition, kakapo

Kakapo - Strigops habroptilus Gray

Kakapo or owl parrot is an endemic species of night parrot from New Zealand. Kakapo means a night parrot in Maori. His body length is about 60 cm and it can weigh up to 4 kg. It can be recognized for his yellow-green freckles and feathery discs around the eyes as with some owls.

Natural sciences, zoology, insect, Stag beetle – Lucanuscervus (Linnaeus)

Stag beetle – Lucanuscervus (Linnaeus)

Stag beetle is one of our largest, the most interesting and the most famous of our coleopteran. It was named after large bumps on the head of the male which resemble deer's stag. It inhabits oak woods where it feeds on the sap that oak trees exude at the places of crevices.

Department for Natural Sciences, Geology, Geological past, fossil, Pleistocene, skeleton remains, Leopard

Leopard - Panthera pardus spelaea Bächler

Ice age leopard was widespread in Europe in earlier Pleistocene epoch. It belongs to feline family (Felidae) and is supposed to have become extinct 24000 years ago.

Department for Natural Sciences, Botany, Fungi, the Sickener russula, Russula emetica Fr.

The Sickener russula, Russula emetica Fr

Russula emetica is a poisonous mushroom whose cap is mostly red but can extend from light to pale red or reddish-brown colour, it is sticky with an easily peeled film. Its gills are white and friable and free.

Department for Natural Sciences, Botany, Endangered species, Dogtooth violet, Erythronium dens canis L.

Dogtooth violet, Erythronium dens canis L.

Dogtooth violet is a species of the genus Erythronium from the lily family (Liliaceae) and is one of the most beautiful spring sprout in our sessile oak and common hornbeamforests, as well as in montane and subalpine beech forests, going as far as alpine pastures in the region of mountai